Office of Curriculum and Instruction
The Standards for each grade level and course begin with eight Standards for Mathematical Practice:
1. Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them.
2. Reason abstractly and quantitatively.
3. Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others.
4. Model with mathematics.
5. Use appropriate tools strategically.
6. Attend to precision.
7. Look for and make use of structure.
8. Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning.
These practices rest on important “processes and proficiencies” with longstanding importance in mathematics education. The first of these are process standards of problem solving, reasoning and proof, communication, representation, and connections. The second are strands of mathematical proficiency: adaptive reasoning, strategic competence, conceptual understanding (comprehension of mathematical concepts, operations and relations), procedural fluency (skill in carrying out procedures flexibly, accurately, efficiently and appropriately), and productive disposition (habitual inclination to see mathematics as sensible, useful, and worthwhile, coupled with a belief in diligence and one’s own efficacy). Problem solving is at the center of all math learning and concepts are taught with a concrete-pictorial-abstract progression through real world, hands-on experiences. In grades K-5, the Math in Focus program is utilized.